The 25 Biggest Defense Companies In America

Eloise Lee and Robert Johnson | Mar. 13, 2012


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/top-25-us-defense-companies-2012-2##ixzz1uKaxrKqH

President Eisenhower warned of the rise of the military industrial complex in his 1961 farewell address.

It's impossible to know for sure if he was thinking of companies like these, selling about $235 billion in arms every year, but it's possible.

Making weapons has become a U.S. specialty, with 47 American companies filling the top 100 grossing slots in the world. 

The following numbers are put together by SIPRI based on numbers from 2010, rank in terms of sales, and offer an unbiased view of how big a business war has become.

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/top-25-us-defense-companies-2012-2##ixzz1uKXSZfkF

 

 

 

US Army Ordnance Dept. poster

US Army Ordnance Dept. poster (Minnesota Historical Society)

President Eisenhower warned of the rise of the military industrial complex in his 1961 farewell address.

It's impossible to know for sure if he was thinking of companies like these, selling about $235 billion in arms every year, but it's possible.

Making weapons has become a U.S. specialty, with 47 American companies filling the top 100 grossing slots in the world. 

The following numbers are put together by SIPRI based on numbers from 2010, rank in terms of sales, and offer an unbiased view of how big a business war has become.

 

#25 CACI International

#25 CACI International

Global satellite communications equipment supports military intelligence.

flikr/GovWin a Deltek Network

Arms sales: $2.3 billion

Total profit: $107 million

Employees: 13,100 people

While CACI International doesn't make weapons, they supply the U.S. Army with an information lifeline.

The TROJAN satellite communication systems provide the Army with a global network of shared mission-critical intelligence.

Source: SIPRI

#24 Goodrich

#24 Goodrich

ACES II Aircrew Escape System

Goodrich Corporation

Arms sales: $2.2 billion

Total profit: $579 million

Employees: 16,300 people

Goodrich is yet another company to get a piece of the F-35 Lightning II cake. They work on the fighter aircraft's landing system. 

The U.S. Air Force trusts Goodrich with making their ejection seat of choice, the ACES II. It is most widely used ejection seat today and is credited with saving more than 600 lives.

#23 DynCorp International

#23 DynCorp International

DI personnel unload a propeller to be put on an Army CH-47D Chinook

flikr/Kenny Holston 21

Arms sales: $2.4 billion

Total profit: $9 million

Employees: 23,000 people

DynCorp International provides logistical support to the U.S. government defense programs. 

In Afghanistan, they are engaged in removing and destroying landmines and light weapons.

They are also involved with supporting air operations and have big contracts with the Department of Defense to maintain rotary and fixed-wing aircraft for all U.S. military branches.  

Source: SIPRI

#22 Navistar Defense

#22 Navistar Defense

flikr/james_gordon_los_angeles

Arms sales: $2.4 billion

Total profit: $223 million

Employees: 18,700 people

Navistar Defense is all about military-strength trucks and engines. 

Their MaxxPro (Maximum Protection) product line includes MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protection) vehicles used by the U.S. Marine Corps and the Army. The ambush-protected vehicle has a V-shaped hull to deflect IED blasts away from the troops inside.

#21 ManTech

#21 ManTech

ManTech expertise covers ground, airborne and space systems.

flikr/Steve & Jemma Copley

Arms sales: $2.5 billion

Total profit: $125 million

Employees: 10,100 people

ManTech serves the United States government's advanced technological needs, from maintaining military surveillance systems to detecting incoming attacks on bases. They're a leading provider of C41SR technology.

The company started off in 1968 by developing the U.S. Navy's war-gaming models.

#20 Hewlett-Packard

#20 Hewlett-Packard

flikr/Becca Taylor

Arms sales: $2.6 billion

Total profit: $8.7 billion

Employees: 324,600 people

They do more than office supplies and printers. 

Hewlett-Packard (HP) is the creator of the Navy Marine Corps Intranet which connects more than 700,000 military and civilian employee accounts, facilitating secure defense communications.

It's network size is second only to the Internet itself.

#19 Textron

#19 Textron

Soldiers loading a OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopter

flikr/Fort Wainwright Public Affairs Office

Arms sales: $2.7 billion

Total profit: $86 million

Employees: 32,000 people

Textron owns a number of successful brands, such as Bell HelicoptersCessna Aircraft Company, and Textron Systems, known for drones and armored vehicles. 

They are the makers of the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior helicopter, which the U.S. Army uses in Afghanistan for armed reconnaissance and light air combat missions. It replaced the AH-Cobra attack helicopter as a scout aircraft for air cavalry troops. Two Kiowa Warriors can fit inside a C-130.

#18 Rockwell Collins

#18 Rockwell Collins

flikr/The U.S. Army

Arms sales: $2.9 billion

Total profit: $561 million

Employees: 20,000 people

Rockwell Collins focuses on navigation, communications, and aviation electronics - anything from a helmet-mounted device to a flight deck display on the colossal C-130 tanker transport aircraft. 

As a big customer, the U.S. Army uses the Defense Advanced GPS Receiver, a handheld navigational device for soldiers in the field.

#17 ATK

#17 ATK

5.56mm M855 small caliber ammunition

ATK

Arms sales: $2.9 billion

Total profit: $313 million

Employees: 15,000 people

Known as ATK, this defense company is the largest provider of ammunition to the U.S. military and its allies.

From the Lake City Army Ammunition Plant in Missouri, ATK can produce up to 1.4 billion rounds of small-caliber ammunition per year. 

The U.S. Navy has chosen ATK to develop their Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM).  

#16 URS

#16 URS

U.S. Army aviation personnel are trained at Fort Rucker, Alabama.

flikr/Fort Rucker

Arms sales: $3 billion

Total profit: $288 million

Employees: 47,000 people

URS is a world leader in the disposal of weapons of mass destruction.

They partner with Raytheon (#5) in the Joint, Test, Tactics, and Training (JT3) program which supports the testing and training for weapons systems such as the F-35 Lightning we keep mentioning

URS also oversees the U.S. military's Basic Combat Skills Training Course, and are responsible for training aviators from the Army, Air Force, NATO and more than 30 other U.S. allies. 

You'll be seeing much more of URS around the world, as they're also behind the design of all future U.S. embassies.

#15 KBR

#15 KBR

A Blue Angels pilot over Pensacola's Naval Air Station

flikr/Official U.S. Navy Imagery

Arms sales: $3.3 billion

Total profit: $327 million

Employees: 35,000 people

KBR's defense portfolio focuses on base operations support and maintenance services to military facilities and equipment. The U.S. Navy had KBR lead recovery and repair efforts after Hurricane Ivan destroyed parts of Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida, in September 2004.

They're also involved in homeland security, providing systems to help secure borders.  

#14 ITT Exelis

#14 ITT Exelis

ITT technology is used for mission critical communications

ITT Exelis

Arms sales: $4 billion

Total profit: $654 million

Employees: 40,000 people

The corporation's defense branch is called Exelis and is currently partnered with Boeing in a competition to develop the U.S. military's Next Generation Jammer (NGJ) array transmitter technology.

The NGJ program aims to give U.S. troops total dominance of the electronic battlefield with the ability to disable enemy communications and radars. 

The company also develops the Joint Tactical Radio System's Bowman Waveform, which allows U.S. forces to communicate securely with U.K. troops. 

#13 Pratt & Whitney

#13 Pratt & Whitney

The F135 engine in all its glory.

Pratt & Whitney

Arms sales: $4 billion

Total profit: Contributed to parent company United Technologies' $4.7 billion

Employees: 35,000 people

Pratt & Whitney produces military engines and is responsible for the F135 engine in Lockheed Martin's F-35 Lightning II strike fighter plane, which is slated to be the Allied fighter of the 21st century

The company also has engines in the F-22 Raptor, the C-17 Globemaster III, the B-52, and the EA-6B Prowler among other aircrafts. Their impressive client list includes 27 armed forces around the world.  

#12 General Electric

#12 General Electric

Electronic warfare specialists from the British Armed Forces

flikr/MATEUS_27:25&25

Arms sales: $4.3 billion

Total profit: $11.6 billion

Employees: 287,000 people 

General Electric makes electronic warfare its business. The company's defense program is focusing on military communications systems that meet the modern threat of hacking and network sabotage.

They also design products that protect both military systems and the people operating them. The IPS5100 can be used in armored vehicles to give troops 360 situational awareness with the help of panoramic imagery that can be manipulated by touch screen, joystick and game-style controller. Operators can "interact" with the imagery and have eyes on the theatre of operation while staying protected in-vehicle.

#11 Honeywell

#11 Honeywell

Chinook helicopters deliver supplies to frontline troops

flikr/Defence Images

Arms sales: $5.4 billion

Total profit: $2 billion

Employees: 130,000 people

Honeywell's military arm supplies engine parts for anything from the Abrams M1 Main Battle Tank (General Dynamics) and the CH-47 Chinook (Boeing) helicopter, to weapons systems designed by other defense companies that made this list.

Name any U.S. Air Force aircraft, and you will likely find Honeywell products within its engineering.

Honeywell also comes up with covert solutions for guided weapons when relying on GPS is out of the question. Bottom line is: they make military stuff work. 

#10 Computer Sciences Corp

#10 Computer Sciences Corp

CSC supports U.S. Navy aviation simulator training.

defpro.com/U.S. Navy

Arms sales: $6 billion

Total profit: $759 million

Employees: 91,000 people

With a focus on technology-based solutions, the CSC's aerospace and defense sector is booming. Among its portfolios, it is responsible for training and simulation services for the U.S. military.

In January this year, the U.S. Navy awarded CSC a $60 million dollar task order to instruct naval aviation simulator training programs.

The U.S. Army has previously used CSC for designing battlefield simulations to help improve survivability by training soldiers and medics to save lives while under fire. 

 

#9 Oshkosh

#9 Oshkosh

Keeping pace with rapidly moving forces.

Oshkosh Defense

Arms sales: $7 billion

Total profit: $790 million

Employees: 12,400 people

Oshkosh Truck's defense branch is responsible for delivering severe-duty tactical and armored vehicles.

The U.S. Marine Corps recently placed a $94 million dollar order for more than 200 Oshkosh LVSR (Logistics Vehicle System Replacement) cargo trucks, the Corps' heavy-payload platform of choice since it first debuted in Afghanistan in 2009. 

#8 SAIC

#8 SAIC

SAIC cyber defense services detect and counter e-attacks

SAIC

Arms sales: $8.2 billion

Total profit: $618 million

Employees: 43,400 people

SAIC's national security sector provides the Department of Defense, the FBI and other U.S. government civil agencies with engineering systems and anti-terrorism technologies.

The SAIC Force Protection Suite, an integrated surveillance system, is used by U.S. soldiers in Afghanistan to decide when and how to respond to enemy threat.  

#7 United Technologies

#7 United Technologies

Black Hawk helicopters serving the U.S. Army in Afghanistan.

flikr/USACEpublicaffairs

Arms sales: $11.4 billion

Total profit: $4.7 billion

Employees: 208,220 people

United Technologies' military services business is most noted for the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter, manufactured by subsidiary Sikorsky Aircraft. 

The corporation also develops technology for aerospace and building industries. 

#6 L-3 Communications

#6 L-3 Communications

SPYDR is an Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) beast.

L-3 Communications

Arms sales: $13 billion

Total profit: $95.5 million

Employees: 63,000 people

The company's C3ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) solutions are used by all branches of the U.S. military. 

L-3 Communications says their small manned airborne intelligence-gathering platform, aptly named SPYDR, is the most versatile and inescapable in the world. It casts a "web" that captures mission-critical intelligence about its targets and delivers the information in real time. 

#5 Raytheon

#5 Raytheon

Raytheon's guided missile system.

Raytheon

Arms sales: $23 billion

Total profit: $1.9 billion

Employees: 46,900 people

Raytheon's sectors of expertise are missiles and electronics.

Their intelligence and information systems are used by the Missile Defence Agency, NASA, the Department of Defense and even the United Kingdom's Border Agency. 

#4 General Dynamics

#4 General Dynamics

The Abrams M1 Main Battle Tank

flikr/MATEUS_27:25&25

Arms sales: $24 billion

Total profit: $2.6 billion

Employees: 90,000 people

General Dynamics produces military vehicles such as the legendary Abrams M1 Main Battle Tank, as well as ships, munitions, and military-grade communication systems. 

The company has also been awarded an $8 million dollar contract for work on U.S. Navy nuclear-powered attack submarines. 

#3 Northrop Grumann

#3 Northrop Grumann

Crew working inside the E-2C Hawkeye, the "eyes" of the U.S. Navy fleet.

Northrop Grumann

Arms sales: $28 billion

Total profit: $2 billion

Employees: 117,100 people

Northrop Grumann's areas of focus include drones and cyber security in support of its homeland security solutions. 

They also develop CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear and Explosives) detection systems in place around the U.S. to identify potential threats.

The corporation recently pledged to further deepen its commitment to hiring former service members, in partnership with President Obama's Joining Forces initiative to integrate more veterans into the civilian workforce.  

#2 Boeing

#2 Boeing

Air Force One, the most recognized symbol of the U.S. presidency.

Boeing

Arms sales: $31.4 billion

Total profit: $2.9 billion

Employees: 160,500 people

The military arm of Boeing's business is most known for the Global Strike military aircraft program. 

It supplies the U.S. military and other international forces with the likes of the AH-64D Apache combat helicopter, drones, missiles like the A160T Hummingbird, and the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet strike fighter.

The U.S. Air Force favors the F-15E Strike Eagle, which has a perfect air-to-air combat record so far with more than a hundred victories and no losses. 

#1 Lockheed Martin

#1 Lockheed Martin

The F35-A test fleet stationed at Edwards Air Force Base.

Lockheed Martin

Arms sales: $35.7 billion

Total profit: $2.9 billion

Employees: 132,000 people

Lockheed Martin's main weapons system is the F-35 joint strike fighter, expected to become one of the world's largest military aircraft programs.

In expanding their F-35 program, Lockheed Martin opened a manufacturing facility in Pinellas Park, Florida, to develop parts for the F-35 Lightning II fighter.

Many of the products produced by these companies are available nowhere else in the world

Many of the products produced by these companies are available nowhere else in the world

BAE

Check out 11 incredible weapons only America has >


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/top-25-us-defense-companies-2012-2?op=1#ixzz1uKXtpZod

 

 

 

11 Incredible Weapons That Only America Has

Robert Johnson | Nov. 10, 2011,

 

ADAPTIV

BAE

The Soviets exploded their first nuclear weapon in 1949. China revealed plans for its own stealth bomber last year.

But there are still some weapons the rest of the world doesn't have.

Weapons like the MQ9 Reaper Drone, the Laser Avenger and the ADAPTIV cloaking give U.S. troops the advantage on any battlefield around the world.

Some of these weapons have been around for several years but were recently modified, and some are still in production.

 

MQ9 Reaper Drone

MQ9 Reaper Drone

wikipedia commons

Manufactured by: General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI)

Release date: 2001

The Reaper has been around for over 10 years, but was used largely for intelligence and reconnaissance until recently. 

Today, squadrons of F-16's are being transitioned into fully unmanned drone fleets.

The Reaper is the largest of the UAV's in the U.S. arsenal with a wingspan of 84 feet, a takeoff weight of 7,000 pounds, a payload capacity of 3,000 pounds and a flight time of 36 hours.

The drone climbs up to 52,000 feet, and reads a license plate from over two miles away. Capable of carrying 500 pound bombs, air-to-ground, and air-to-air missiles the UAV fleet is poised to perform the lion's share of American air support.

As of March 2011 the Air Force has more personnel training to operate its burgeoning drone fleet than for any other weapon system in its arsenal.

AA12 Atchisson Assault Shotgun

AA12 Atchisson Assault Shotgun

defense review

Manufactured by: Maxwell Atchisson

Release date: 2005

The AA12 can fire five 12-gauge shells per second and because the recoil is engineered at just 10 percent a normal shotgun, it can be fired from the hip with only one hand.

The Atchisson also fires a high explosive or fragmentation grenade called a FRAG-12 round to 175 meters with equal efficiency.

Designed for long-term combat use, tests have shown the AA12 can fire up to 9,000 rounds without being cleaned or jamming.

All the user needs to do is hold the trigger down for four seconds to empty the 20 round drum at a target.

ADAPTIV Invisibility cloak makes tanks disappear

ADAPTIV Invisibility cloak makes tanks disappear

BAE

Manufactured by: BAE Systems

Release date: 2013

Developed and patented in Sweden. ADAPTIV functions over infra-red and other electronic frequencies. While it can blend the coated vehicle into the background, making it seem to be invisible, it can also shape the returning signal to appear like something else.

A tank, for example, can be made to look like a car. These pictures show both the combat vehicle disappearing and reshaping itself into the outline of an automobile.

PHASR Rifle

PHASR Rifle

wikipedia commons

Manufactured by: the Department of Defense (DOD)

Release date: 2007

The Personnel Halting and Stimulation Response (PHASR) rifle is a handheld laser array, called a dazzler, capable of blinding and disorienting anyone caught in its sights.

While weapons to cause blindness were sagely restricted by the 1995 United Nations Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (a ruling the U.S. didn't agree to until 2009) the PHASR causes only temporary blindness, thus escaping the ban.

Dazzlers were originally mounted devices to U.S. soldiers rifles as a non-lethal way to halt Iraqis who failed to stop at checkpoints.

The PHASR uses a green laser array to calculate its targets distance and ensure its non-blinding intensity.

The Taser Shockwave

The Taser Shockwave

gizmodo

Manufactured by: TASER

Release date: 2008

The Taser model will electrocute a crowd of people at the touch of a button.

Creating an "area of denial" the Taser can be stacked up and strung together almost indefinitely. It will also mount to any vehicle.

The Shockwave has an effective distance of 25 feet and can be seen in action on this company video at Gizmodo.

The Black Knight

The Black Knight

Military Today

Manufactured by: BAE Systems (BA.L)

Release date: 2008

The Black Knight is a combination remote controlled tank and forward scouting vehicle, designed for situations too risky for manned vehicles.

To keep costs low, the Black Knight shares a weapons systems and engine parts with the manned Bradley Fighting vehicle. Including a 30mm cannon, machine gun and 300 horsepower engine.

The vehicle is also fitted with autonomous navigation software and can design and follow its own routes without input from an outside source.

The Active Denial System

The Active Denial System

Wyrd Stuff

Manufactured by: Raytheon (RTN)

Release date: 2008

Dubbed America's Ray Gun, by 60 Minutes, the Active Denial System is really more a combination radar array and microwave.

The ADS shoots a stream of electromagnetic waves, shorter than microwaves, which are instantly absorbed by the top layer of skin.

The pain is so intense, the reaction to run from the beams so overpowering, the military calls it the "Goodbye Weapon."

The ADS has been used domestically, both on test subjects and prison inmates. It was deployed to Afghanistan in 2010, only to be recalled, inexplicably, months later.

The military claims there are no lingering effects from exposure.

The Laser Avenger

The Laser Avenger

Boeing

Manufactured by: Boeing (BA)

Release date: 2009

Only a few centimeters in diameter and invisible to the naked eye, the Avenger's laser is 20 times hotter than an electric stove top and will cut through artillery shells with ease.

The Avenger was designed with the hope of effectively detonating the Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) that inflict more damage on American forces than any other weapon.

Current disposal methods involve a version of the MAARS robot that insurgents will bomb to take out of action.

The Avenger is also being tested to take down aerial vehicles.

MAARS Robot (Modular Advanced Armed Robotic System)

MAARS Robot (Modular Advanced Armed Robotic System)

QinetiQ

Manufactured by: QinetiQ - QQ

Release date: 2009

The MAARS Robot is a modified remote control, bomb disposal robot.

Customizable to various needs, the MAARS can be configured with either an MB240 machine gun and 40mm grenade launcher, or a loudspeaker and eye dazzling laser, or bean bag guns, smoke, and pepper spray.

To date, no shots have been fired in combat by a remote device like the MAARS.

XM2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle

XM2010 Enhanced Sniper Rifle

wikipedia commons

Manufactured by: Remington

Release date: 2010-2011

The product of a long string of modifications to the 22 year-old M24 sniper rifle, the XM2010 is designed specifically to be effective in the high altitude long distance fighting in Afghanistan.

To provide quiet, pinpoint accuracy at up to 1200 meters the XM2010 carries more gun powder in the bullets it fires, has a flash suppressor, sound suppressor, and a thermal sleeve to hide the warm barrel from FLIR.

When U.S. Snipers graduate from the five-week school at Fort Benning, Ga. they are capable of hitting a man-sized target nine out of ten times at 600 meters over a third of a mile away.

XM25 Individual Airburst Weapon System (IAWS)

XM25 Individual Airburst Weapon System (IAWS)

wikipedia commons

Manufactured by: Heckler & Koch

Release date: 2014

Dubbed "The Punisher" by American forces in Afghanistan, the XM25 accurately shoots a next-generation, 25mm, grenade up to 500 meters.

But, the distance isn't what impressed soldiers involved in the live trial of the weapon it was the grenade programming.

A targets distance is transmitted by a rangefinder in the XM25 to the grenade in the firing chamber. When the grenade leaves the barrel it is spiraling, like a football, and measures the distance it's traveled by the number of spirals it completes.

The detonation can be manually programmed within 10 meters to hit enemy in bunkers or behind barriers.

A platoon leader commented in an Army Times article: "Engagements that typically take 15 to 20 minutes were over in a matter of minutes.

China is a bit farther behind in its arms program

China is a bit farther behind in its arms program

Check out this quick guide to the Chinese military triple threat >


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/11-incredible-weapons-that-only-america-has-2011-9?op=1#ixzz1uKYuu5Jg